For six decades, generations of Indians have been taught to believe that the colonial rulers saw India through the lens of ignorance and prejudice. The Britishers used to believe that Hinduism could not build up a nation because of one 'vital structure' i.e. 'Caste' . National allegiance was secondary to the loyalty each (Hindu) owed to his caste, since his caste was his Karma, determining much more than his present life, namely, all his lives still to come.
Consequently, we may mirror India as a land obsessed by caste and unable to rise above it. Since the foreign rulers never aimed at being social reformers, they attempted to accommodate this caste obsession in public policy. They documented caste in all its bewildering complexities in the Gazetteers and most importantly, attempted to quantify caste allegiances in the Census operations from 1881.
However, even after the Independence, the 'vital structure' is still now supported in practice by India's political and religious leadership. Consequently, caste has become the bases of the government’s elaborative redistributive programmes. Sixty years of experiments with modernity have proved to be mere ripples on the surface; the depths of India’s ‘vital structure’ have been unmoved.
It is our nationalist modernizers who have been defeated by the ‘real’ India, wherein, the future appears to belong to the same old structure. As per the findings of some research scholars caste was the worst form of racialism and we may as well acknowledge it as per the ground situation in India.
To honestly deal with such situations (be it racialism or caste), in recent times, Germany has apologized to the Jews for the Holocaust, Japan has said sorry to the US for Pearl Harbour; the Pope has publically taken the burden of his errant clergy on himself and bowed his head in shame; Russia has apologized to Poland for Stalin’s massacre of its non-communist leadership in 1939; the federal government of Australia has apologized to its aborigines for willfully killing so many of them; and one & a half decade back, the Queen apologized for the Jallianwala Bagh massacre. Further, the British Parliament have legally declared casteism as tantamount to racialism, just to ensure that this contagious disease of caste may not grip their country, because of the deep-rooted mindset of the Indians settled there.
Are both the religious and the political leaders sleeping in India, and now to start with & to honestly follow all other civilized countries on this planet, can't they even pass resolutions expressing their resolve to revolutionize the the Indian society?